Quantifying investment options for Tier 3 ultra-low sulfur gasoline

Hoekstra Trading LLC collaborated with Dr. Marcio Wagner Da Silva of Petrobras and Dr. Thomas Murphy of Valuation Risk & Strategy LLC in this article on economics of investment options for Tier 3 gasoline.

Read the article in Hydrocarbon Processing February 2023


Every refining executive should have a comprehensive understanding of the technical, regulatory, and economic aspects of Tier 3 gasoline, the sulfur credit program and how they affect your business. Those wanting a quick education on the Tier 3 issue should get the short book, Gasoline Desulfurization for Tier 3 Compliance, which will make you an industry expert in a day. Once you have become expertly informed of the problem, you can save your team years of research by buying Hoekstra Research Report 8. We saw this problem coming, gathered the required data, ran the simulations and analyzed the results so you and your team can immediately initiate well-informed strategies. The report includes detailed pilot plant and commercial field test data, full detail of sulfur credit pricing, spreadsheet models to help improve gasoline optimization, investment decisions, sulfur credit strategy and refining margin capture in the Tier 3 world.

Don’t get caught panic buying after the credits spike.

George Hoekstra


+1 630 330-8159

Hoekstra Trading LLC