US Refiners Behind Schedule To Meet Tier 3 Gasoline Standard Face Costly Adaptations At recent industry forums, refining process expert, George Hoekstra, presented a detailed argument that much work remains for US refiners to profitably meet the Tier 3 gasoline standard, which requires no greater than an annual average of 10ppm sulfur, beginning in 2020.…

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Polls taken at two recent web conferences show tightness in North American refinery octane supply. On July 29, 2020, in a web conference sponsored by RefComm, with 77 people present, 9 people responded as follows: 44% said their refinery is tight on octane, 33% said their refinery is not tight, and 23% don’t know. In…

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Without capital investment, octane loss can be made up other ways. Refiners who experience octane loss with Tier 3 will adopt various strategies to mitigate or replace lost octane:  •          Purchase alkylate •          Purchase toluene •          Purchase sulfur credits •          Downgrade FCC yields •          Downgrade reformer yields •          Downgrade gasoline streams •          Restrict gasoline end…

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